What are birth injuries and how can they be prevented?
In fact, birth defects affect 1 in every 33 babies (about 3% of all babies) born in the United States each year. Unsurprisingly, birth defects are the leading cause of infant deaths, accounting for 20% of all infant deaths.
Also known as birth trauma, birth injury is not something that only affects the baby. A mother can also suffer a birth injury. These kinds of injury can cause damage to a baby or the mother before, during, or shortly after delivery.
Birth injuries can take several different forms and affect almost any part of the body. Oxygen deprivation at birth, putting excessive pressure on the baby’s head or body, infection and other complications, are all events that may lead to birth injuries.
Ranging from mild to severe, the seriousness of the injuries will determine the damage caused to the baby or mother. Mild injuries may not leave any lasting impact. The severe ones however may result in permanent disabilities. This may affect the child or mother cognitively, emotionally, and/or physically.
To a large extent, however, birth injuries are preventable. When health personnel and physicians follow recommended standards of care, they can monitor the health of the mother and child, and quickly correct y any suspected issue that may arise during pregnancy, labor, and delivery.